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At this time, the Grand-Ducal Oriental Coin Cabinet was the only specialised research institution of its kind. In the eighteen sixties and the seventies Islamic numismatics stagnated and interest in the field began to decrease as the generation of students of Silvestre de Sacy in Germany were replaced by younger scholars.

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From the sixties onwards the collections formed by the older generation of orientalists entered universities and public coin cabinets. In the collection of the British officer Seton Guthrie of about 15, specimens was the new starting point for the development of the Oriental holdings in the Royal Coin Cabinet in Berlin. The young orientalist Adolph Erman - was hired for this task. He was the first who invented the ordering of a collection according to mint and dates instead of the order by dynasties, but for him the coin cabinet was only one stop in his career to a professorship of Egyptology, which he obtained in In spite of the considerably enlarged material base, Islamic numismatics in Germany did not make a new start.

In with the death of Johann Gustav Stickel, studies on Oriental coins at German universities came to an end for nearly a century. This was also the end of Oriental numismatics in public coin collections for the time being. Since the middle of the nineteenth century the humanities had diversified more and more, to the disadvantage of the Islamic numismatics. On the numismatic side the linguistic competence to put the information into its proper historical context was absent and knowledge of numismatic methods was lacking on the part of orientalists.

Only a few orientalists at the end of the 19th century still worked with numismatic sources. For this reason attempts to revive Islamic numismatics after the Second World War by numismatic institutions in the former Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic failed. Being originally only a loan of the Grand-Ducal house, Soret's collection had been returned to it by the University of Jena in In the person in charge for the Oriental collection at Munich, the classical archaeologist and art historian Peter Jaeckel - , was promoted to be the director of the Army Museum in Ingolstadt.

Work on the Oriental part in Munich stopped. The revival of Islamic numismatics in Germany as an academic subject came about on the initiative of the Oriental institutes of the universities. Now, due to a new self-definition as an interdisciplinary regional subject, historical Islamic studies were in search of new research tools. An American private collection of about 30, specimens was purchased by the Volkswagen Stiftung as a base. In the chair of Semitic Philology and Islamic Studies was established at the University of Jena after a vacancy of 75 years.

Since then, the former Grand-Ducal Oriental Coin Cabinet has been reconstituted and made available for study. In spite of the renewed importance of Islamic numismatics not only for historical research, but also for art history and archaeology, no other German Islamic coin collections are now curated by an orientalist.

The material base of Islamic numismatics has multiplied substantially world wide in the last quarter of the last century. In Germany alone, , Oriental coins at least are available for study in public collections, including 30, Indian coins and in addition at least 24, East Asian coins. Today Islamic numismatics is in the position of possessing a rich supply of material evidence from many places and periods of the Islamic world which can be "read" parallel to the historical tradition and be "seen" parallel to the development of Islamic art.

Due to the ambivalent nature of coins both being textual documents as well as miniature works of art there is no permanent exhibition of Islamic coins in Germany.

A Guide to the Bibliography of Yemeni Coinage

As in any archive, the visitor usually has to make an appointment to see the coins on a one to one basis. Heidemann, Stefan: Islamische Numismatik in Deutschland. In: Heidemann, Stefan ed. Was Johann Jacob Reiske its Founder? In: Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt Jg. The informations are collected from the literature and by direct inquiries at the respective institutions about their Islamic Oriental holdings.

Due to the specific organisation of each collection sometimes Indian and East Asian coins are included, sometimes are not. Only where additional informations about East Asian coins were available, these were given as well. The literature is by no means complete, but an introduction into the coin collections and their Oriental holdings.

Collections of Islamic Coins in Germany : Prof. Dr. Stefan Heidemann : Universität Hamburg

Eight of these coins entered the Oriental Coin Cabinet in Jena]. In: ZDMG 25 , 2 plates. Norbert Nebes collection management: Dr. Babett Forster advisory coordination: Prof. Nebes [at] uni-jena. In: Heidemann In: Friedhilde Krause general ed.

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About the Study of Yemenite Coinage. In: Jemen-Report.

Mitteilungen der Deutsch-Jemenitische Gesellschaft e. In: Joachim Berger - Joachim von Puttkamer eds. In: Aram It includes the collection of Ernst Meier - ; coins , Stephen Album bought ; ca. Althoff M. Johannes-Corputius-Platz 1, D Duisburg tel.

Collections of Oriental Coins in Germany

Auswahlkatalog, Duisburg Dietrich O. Heidemann, Stefan: Obituary, Peter Jaecke l In: Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter Folge 2 It includes the collection Moritz Steinla - ; 18 Oriental coins.

Collections of Islamic Coins in Germany

In: ZDMG 12 Definitio et Explicatio qua orationem pro loco Professoris rite obtinendo die II. The question is, which ones? The Aksumite series is one of those very difficult ones in which the number of attributions for any given coin is approximately 1. Godet, "Bilan des recherches recentes en numismatique axoumite," Revue Numismatique , Since then, large quantities have emerged, large numbers of new types, few of which have been published At first Yemeni coins sold for far more than other Islamic coins of comparable rarity.

Further increases in supply have depressed the market and eliminated much of this disparity. Illustrations have been postponed to a supplemental volume to follow. Bikhazi, "Coins of al-Yaman, A.

The offprint, a substantial booklet, is often found as a separate publication. This was an excellent survey and critique of the existing literature. It is still useful today as a reference, although it has been superseded on many points. Serjeant and R. Lewcock, London, , Werner Daum; Innsbruck, , , not in the German edition.

Identifies the earliest Abbasid dinars of Yemen in their historical context. Lecomte, Arabica 17 , This is one of a series of works on each of the three kinds of property: land K. Jawharatayn describes mining and minting in tenth century Yemen, but with wider importance. Some additions to Lowick's list, and a general scheme for the entire series, mainly issued in Aden in the 11thth centuries. London, Coins issued in Yemen are on pages , varieties Album's popular coins has comments on the Ayyubids.

Much revised by Lowick's article, NC Berlin, Kinzelbach augmented by the description of a newly dicovered [sic] Rasulid dirham hoard. Mainz: Donata Kinzelbach, Of much more general importance than one would think from the title. Twenty coins originally acquired in Ta'izz. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, annual editions.


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